2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2015
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Preparation of Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and, in the opinion of management, include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the results of the interim periods shown. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations. Management believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. The condensed consolidated financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Companys 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the presentation for the current period.
Embedded Derivatives Related to Debt Instruments
Embedded derivatives that are required to be bifurcated from their host contract are evaluated and valued separately from the host contract (i.e., the debt instrument). Features of the Companys debt instrument that meet the definition of a derivative and the criteria for separate accounting include the conversion feature and certain put options. Embedded derivatives are valued individually and recorded as a compound derivative. The compound derivative is presented together with the host debt instrument and the related debt discount on a combined basis. Changes in the estimated fair value of the bifurcated embedded derivatives are reported as gains and losses in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss.
Correction of Identified Errors
During the second quarter of 2015, the Company identified an error in the condensed consolidated financial statements related to the accounting for foreign currency matters. One of the Companys subsidiarys functional currency had been incorrectly designated as the Euro instead of British Pound Sterling during the period January 1, 2013 through March 31, 2015. As a result, certain applicable financial results of this entity were being translated to the reporting currency when they should have been first remeasured into the functional currency. In addition, the Company identified an error in the condensed consolidated financial statements related to the pushdown accounting of that subsidiary. The new basis of accounting of the acquired entity formed as a result of the acquisition was not first remeasured into the functional currency before being translated to the reporting currency.
The correction of the errors identified above resulted in the recognition of foreign currency net gains and foreign currency translation net losses. We concluded that these adjustments were not material to the Companys financial position or results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2015 or any of the prior periods presented. Therefore, we recognized the cumulative impact during the three months ended June 30, 2015, which resulted in a net gain in other income (expenses) in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss of $0.24 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and a cumulative impact in accumulated other comprehensive income in the condensed consolidated balance sheet of $0.31 million as of September 30, 2015.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Xenetic Biosciences (UK) Limited and its wholly owned subsidiaries: Lipoxen Technologies Limited, Xenetic Bioscience, Incorporated, and SymbioTec GmbH (SymbioTec). All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated on consolidation.
Change in Accounting Principle
During the second quarter of 2015, the Company elected to apply pushdown accounting to the Companys acquisition of SymbioTec that occurred in 2012. Pushdown accounting refers to the use of the acquirers basis in the preparation of the acquirees separate financial statements as the new basis of accounting for the acquiree. Application of pushdown accounting is treated as a change in accounting principle and was applied retrospectively to the Companys condensed consolidated financial statements. This change resulted in no impact to the condensed consolidated financial statements for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 or 2014.
Functional Currency Change
Effective April 1, 2015, the functional currency of the Companys foreign subsidiaries changed from the British Pound Sterling to the U.S. dollar. The changes in the economic facts and circumstances that caused the functional currency to change to that of the parent company include: the closing of the Companys last office outside of the U.S. during the first quarter of 2015, a shift of financial dependence of the subsidiaries to the parent, as well as the growth of the Companys operations in U.S. dollar-denominated expenses. The Company translated assets and liabilities of these foreign subsidiaries at the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and included accumulated net translation adjustments in equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss. The change in functional currency is applied on a prospective basis. Therefore, any gains and losses that were previously recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss remain unchanged through March 31, 2015. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are the result of exchange rate changes on transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency. The remeasurement of those foreign currency transactions is included in determining net income or loss for the period of exchange.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2015, Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-03, Interest Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (ASU 2015-03). ASU 2015-03 requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company early adopted ASU 2015-03 in July 2015, as permitted. There was no impact of early adoption of ASU 2015-03 on the Companys condensed consolidated financial statements previously reported.
In August 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40) (ASU 2014-15). ASU 2014-15 defines managements responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an organizations ability to continue as a going concern and provides guidance on the related footnote disclosures. This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new standard.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (ASU 2014-09). ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 for all entities by one year. This guidance is currently effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, under either full or modified retrospective approach. Early application is permitted as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new standard on its revenue recognition policy.
The Company has considered other recent accounting pronouncements and concluded that they are either not applicable to the business, or that no material effect is expected on the consolidated financial statements as a result of future adoption.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef